Periodontal disease is a dental condition that affects many people, including pregnant women. It is caused by plaque build-up, a sticky film of bacteria that adheres to teeth and gums. Gum disease can have serious repercussions, like tooth loss and infections. This is why pregnant women need to receive appropriate periodontal treatment. During pregnancy, women undergo various hormonal changes. These changes can have devastating effects on their health, including their dental health. Periodontitis is dangerous as it will not only affect the mother but also the unborn fetus. It is, therefore, important for pregnant women to receive appropriate periodontal treatment.
Scaling and Root Planing
This treatment typically involves a thorough cleaning of the teeth and gums to remove plaque and bacteria. Removal of plaque and bacteria from the gum line reduces inflammation. In addition to scaling and root planing, pregnant women may be prescribed antibiotics to help fight the bacteria that cause gum disease. Your dentist or periodontist will recommend a safe and effective gel to reduce inflammation after the cleaning.
Preventing Periodontitis during Pregnancy
It is also important for pregnant women to practice good oral hygiene at home. This includes brushing twice daily with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and using an antiseptic mouthwash. Maintaining good oral hygiene can help prevent gum disease and other dental problems. Your periodontist will also recommend using mouthwash that does not contain active chemical ingredients. A proper nutritious diet will also help boost immunity. Additionally, it is advisable to quit smoking during pregnancy, as smoking can exacerbate complications.
Periodontal Surgery Treatment for Pregnant Women
Surgery treatment of periodontitis becomes an issue because of anesthesia. General anesthesia is not recommended for pregnant women because it can cross the placenta and detrimentally affect the fetus. Surgery is recommended in the second trimester when pregnancy is considered safest. However, some non-invasive procedures are still allowed in the first trimester.