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Chad M. Boustany D.D.S., M.S.

The Use of Fiber-Reinforced Composites in Prosthodontics

Posted on 2/2/2024 by Weo Admin
Older woman smiling after making dental appointment at Revive Dental and Implant Center in Charleston, West VirginiaProsthodontics focuses on replacing missing teeth and oral tissues using biocompatible materials like ceramics, metals, polymers, and composites. One emerging material is fiber-reinforced composite resin. This advanced material integrates glass or polyethylene fibers into dental composite resin. The combination produces a durable, natural-looking material for crafting prosthetic appliances like crowns, bridges, dentures, and implants.

Enhanced Strength and Durability

The embedded fibers reinforce the composite resin foundation. This imparts superior fracture resistance, impact strength, and flexural properties compared to conventional composite resins. Products like glass fiber-reinforced composites can withstand heavy occlusal stresses. The enhanced durability of the material means prostheses made from fiber-reinforced composites exhibit excellent longevity in oral conditions.

Biocompatible and Tooth-Colored

Fiber-reinforced polymer composites integrate fibers with biocompatible composite resins containing ceramic particles. Therefore, these materials offer biocompatibility comparable to standard composite resins and ceramics used in prosthodontic restorations. The tooth-like shades also provide excellent esthetics that mimic natural teeth. The life-like appearance boosts self-confidence for many patients.

Customizable and Versatile

The nature of uncured fiber composite resins allows technicians to adapt the material into custom anatomical forms and sizes. The manufacturer can also uniquely customize properties like translucency, flexibility, and strength as required for particular clinical situations. This versatility makes the material suitable for diverse prosthetic appliances. Its moldability also enables repairs if fractures occur in service.

Conservative Tooth Preparation

Unlike conventional crowns and bridges made from ceramics or metals, fiber-reinforced composites bond directly to the underlying tooth structure. This eliminates the need to aggressively cut down or prep the supporting teeth for prosthesis placement. The conservative preparation preserves more natural teeth, especially in cases with limited remaining tooth structure.

Single-Visit Treatment

Fiber composite resin cures rapidly using office light-curing units. Therefore, prostheses from these materials enable treatment completion in a single appointment. The patient no longer needs to wait days or weeks for laboratory fabrication. This allows faster rehabilitation and significantly improved comfort over multi-visit procedures.

With ongoing advances in fiber-reinforced polymer composites, these materials show promise for esthetic, conservative, and reliable prosthodontic solutions. Contact our exceptional prosthodontists to learn if these innovative materials can benefit you. We look forward to providing customized care.

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